New Technologies and Materials

The Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of the RAS

PROCESSING OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS, INDUSTRIAL AND MUNICIPAL WASTE BY SUPERADIABATIC COMBUSTION

Based on fundamental research of superadiabatic modes of filtration combastion, the technology and equipment for processing of low-calorie stock into electric energy and valuable hydrocarbon products have been developed. The technology is appropriate for processing of low-quality combustible fossil, alternative fuels, including biofuel, and industrial and municipal waste.

TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCTION OF SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES BY ELECTRIC ARC METHOD

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Based on the electric arc synthesis of SWCNT, technology for production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) of high purity grade has been developed and realized as a pilot plant. The technology involves the stages of electric arc synthesis of raw SWCNT, and chemical and physical purification of as-produced SWCNT from catalyst and concomitant carbon modifications.
The technological module has been developed to produce up to 10 g per day of SWCNT powder of high purity.
The developed technology provides a high degree (>30%) of nanotubes recovery from raw SWCNT.

 

NEW MATERIALS AND DEVICES FOR HYDROGEN POWER ENGINEERING

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■  The promising materials and the related device prototypes for self-contained energy supply have been developed based on hydrogen technologies. The development involves the materials and devices for reversible accumulation and long-term storage of high-purity hydrogen, membrane and catalytic materials for fuel cells, and peri -pheral measuring devices.
■ The developed materials and equipment can be used in self-contained power supplies with long working life, charging devices, standby power supplies for special equipment.

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Highly efficient catalytic process for production of oligoolefin bases for synthetic oils has been developed in cooperation with the Serbian company «Petrochemical Industry of Serbia» and «TATNEFT Ltd.» (Republic of Tatarstan). The process meeting the highest technological requirements is advantageous as compared with competing technologies. Original catalysts and methods for regulating fractional composition and degree of oligomer chain branching have been developed. All stages of the process were worked through using continuous pilot plants producing representative batches of products. Favorable reports were received from specialized institutions on the consistency of the synthetic oils with world standards.