Main Trends of Scientific Activity

The Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of the RAS

1. GENERAL PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS     

1.1. Dynamics of molecular reactions and energy re-distribution. Non-equilibrium processes. Dynamics of nuclear and electron spins, dipoles.
1.2. Elementary reactions.
1.3. Influence of real structure of solids and solutions on the rate and regularities of chemical transformations.
1.4. Reactions in solids. Chemical mechanics. Dispersed structures and nanostructures.
1.5. Macrokinetics. Transfer processes and chemical reactions. Open systems. Stationary and non-stationary states. The theory of technological processes.
1.6. Mathematical problems of chemical physics.
1.7. Development of new experimental methods, including femtosecond spectroscopy, NMR and EPR spectroscopy, broadband dielectric spectroscopy.


2. STRUCTURE OF MATTER

2.1. Relationship between the molecules structure and their reactivity.
2.2. Structure and properties of photosensitive crystals, superionic conductors, organic metals and superconductors, high energy capacity and physiologically active compounds.
2.3. Control of chemical reactions via crystal, molecular and supramolecular structure of reagents.
2.4. Structure and properties of the surface of solids.


3. KINETICS AND MECHANISM OF COMPLEX CHEMICAL REACTIONS. CATALYSIS

3.1. Thermal, electro-, photo- and radiation-chemical processes. Electrophysical studies of kinetics and mechanism of photochemical reactions and relaxation processes in condensed media.
3.2. Kinetics and catalysis of reactions in highly organized systems; enzyme catalysis and chemical models of enzymes.
3.3. Cluster and immobilized catalysts; metal complex catalysis.
3.4. Kinetics and mechanism of chain and free radical processes.


4. CHEMICAL PHYSICS OF COMBUSTION AND EXPLOSION PROCESSES. THE SUBSTANCE STATE UNDER EXTREME CONDITIONS

4.1. Thermodynamics and kinetics of chemical and phase transformations in combustion and explosion processes.
4.2. Kinetics and mechanism of combustion of condensed substances and gases. Filtration combustion. Thermal self-ignition and thermal explosion.
4.3. Detonation. Chemical transformations and energy transfer on the shock wave profile. Deformation and destruction of plastic and brittle materials and liquids upon shock-wave impacts. Phase transitions and relaxation processes upon impulse loading.
4.4. Optical, thermodynamic and chemical properties of strongly compressed non-ideal plasma
4.5. Conversion of combustion and explosion energy into energy of other types.
4.6. Mathematical modeling and theory of high-energy processes, including combustion and detonation.
4.7. Phase transitions and relaxation processes under impulse loading.
4.8. Explosion and fire safety in industry. Environment monitoring.
4.9. Chemical lasers and related systems of remote laser analysis.


5. CHEMICAL PHYSICS OF POLYMERS FORMATION AND MODIFICATION

5.1. Kinetics and mechanism of polymer formation and modification.
5.2. Macromolecular design, structure, properties and application of synthetic polymers and composites.
5.3. Development and investigation of polymeric nanocomposites having unique mechanical, optical, electric, and magnetic properties.
5.4. The theory of phase formation in polymeric systems.


6. CHEMICAL PHYSICS OF BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS

6.1. Fundamental processes and underlying molecular mechanisms in functioning of biosystems of various organization level (proteins, enzymes, membranes, genetic apparatus of cells, supracellular structures). The electron transfer in biological nanostructures.
6.2. Physical-chemical mechanisms of biologically active compounds effects on biological structures, including enzymes, biological membranes, and genetic apparatus of cells.
6.3. Development of potential medicines for oncology, cardiology and traumatology based on radical reactions inhibitors, nitric oxide donors and carbon nanomaterials.


7. CHEMICAL PHYSICS OF SUPRAMOLECULAR AND NANO-SCALE SYSTEMS

7.1. Regularities of formation and physical-chemical properties of organic, inorganic and hybrid nanoparticles of given size, composition, structure and shape.
7.2. Methods for producing ordered nanostructured films based on self-assembly of colloidal nanoparticles and nanostructures.
7.3. Supramolecular and nano-sized systems for nanophotonics, molecular electronics and spintronics.


8. SCIENTIFIC BASES FOR PRODUCING NEW MATERIALS AND NANOMATERIALS WITH DESIRABLE PROPERTIES AND FUNCTIONS

8.1. Crystal chemical engineering of materials with desirable structure.
8.2. Chemistry and material science of nanocrystalline powders and films.
8.3. Systems for energy storing and conversion based on carbon nanomaterials and conducting polymers (photo- and electroluminescent systems, solar batteries, sensors, batteries, ultracapacitors).
8.4. Low-dimensional molecular conductors and molecular magnetics (based on ion-radical salts, fullerenes, and magnetic clusters of 3d, 4d, and 5d metals).
8.5. Synthesis, structure and properties of supeionic conductors, hydrogen storage materials and materials for alternative power engineering.


9. FUNDAMENTALS FOR NEW CHEMICAL-ENGINEERING PROCESSES

9.1. Development of membrane-catalytic and composite nanomaterials, and of new methods for processing of hydrocarbon stock into valuable chemical and petrochemical products.
9.2. Development of fundamentals for new petrochemical processes based on petroleum and non-petroleum stock.
9.3. Synthesis of organic substances on the catalysts of a new generation.
9.4. Development of fundamentals of new technologies based on superadiabatic modes of filtration combustion.